10 October 2019

Who Owns the Recipes, the Restaurant or the Chef?

Michael Coates
Michael Coates Intellectual Property Lawyer

Who owns the recipes on a restaurant’s menu largely comes down to the existence or not of employment contracts and whether the chef is an employee or a contractor, according to Brisbane employment law expert, Michael Coates.

The intellectual property rights of any creative person – be they chef, artist, photographer or advertising industry person- can come down to whether a person is an employee or a contractor, and whether copyright and other intellectual property rights are covered in contracts, Mr Coates said.

If you are an employee of a restaurant and you create a dish in the firm’s time and using its resources then unless you have a clause in your employment contract saying you have ownership of the recipe, then it belongs to the employer.”

“However if you are an independent contractor supplying chef services to a restaurant and you created the dish, then you will usually have the intellectual property rights to it and are in effect licensing them to the restaurant,” Mr Coates said.

But what if the recipe’s all in your head? Who owns it then?

“If it’s in your head and you are an independent contractor then you own it unless you have agreed to hand over your rights,” Mr Coates said

Employment contracts need to be clear on matters such as intellectual property ownership.”

“If you are an employee and the restaurant owner asks you to create a dish and you do so in your head in the firm’s time using its facilities, then the employer owns it unless your employment contract specifically gives you rights to a dish,” he said.

The popularity of TV shows such as Masterchef and My Kitchen Rules had brought renewed public focus to eating out and innovative dining and given rise to celebrity chefs.

“Inevitably chefs will want to protect their unique signature recipes and move from restaurant to restaurant. The issue of a recipe’s intellectual property is one I expect will feature in more future disputes. Unique recipes are what they can use to sell themselves to a restaurant. That can be a very valuable right,” Mr Coates said.

Mr Coates said it all came down to having clear contracts and ensuring issues such as creative ownership of recipes was clearly dealt with in the contracts.



Individual liability limited by a scheme approved under professional standards legislation (personal injury work exempted).

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